SADDLE CLOTH- Cloth under the saddle on which number (and
sometimes horse’s name) denoting post position is displayed.
SAVAGE- To bite another horse or a person.
SCALE OF WEIGHTS- Fixed imposts to be carried by horses
in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time
SCHOOLING- Accustoming a horse to starting from the
gate and to teach him racing practices. In steeplechasing,
more particularly to teach a horse to jump.
SCHOOLING LIST- List of horses required by the starter
to school at the starting gate before being permitted
SCRATCH- To be taken out of a race.
SECOND CALL- A second engagement of jockey who already
is listed for a mount in a race.
SECOND DAM- Grandmother; granddam.
SELLING RACE- A claiming race.
SESAMOID- Sesamoid bones are located at the back of
the fetlock, the joint formed by the pastern bone and
the cannon bone.
SET- A group of horses working together.
SET DOWN- A suspension. Also, put to a drive, or asked
to run by a jockey.
SEVEN FURLONGS- Seven-eighths of a mile; 1,540 yards;
SEX ALLOWANCE- Fillies and mares, according to their
age and time of year, are allowed to carry three to
five pounds less when meeting males.
SHADOW ROLL- Usually a lamb’s wool roll half way up
the horse’s face to keep him from seeing his own shadow.
SHANK- Rope or strap attached to a halter or bridle
by which a horse is led.
SHED ROW- Stable area. A row of barns.
SHORT- A horse in need of more work or racing to reach
SHOW- Third position at the finish.
SHOW BET- Wager on a horse to finish in the money;
third or better.
SHUT OFF- Pocketed. Unable to improve position.
SILKS- Jacket and cap worn by riders which designate
owner of the horse.
SIMULCAST- Televising a race to other tracks, OTB offices
or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.
SIRE- Father of a horse.
SIX FURLONGS- Three-quarter of a mile; 1,320 yards,
SIXTEENTH- One-sixteenth of a mile; 110 yards, 330
SLOPPY- Condition of footing. Wet on surface with firm
SLOW- Footing that is not fast, between good and heavy.
SNUG- Mild restraining hold by rider.
SOLID HORSE- Contender.
SOPHOMORE- Three-year-old horse.
SPEEDY CUT- Injury to knee or hock caused by a strike
from the opposite foot.
SPIT BOX- Receptacle for urine and blood taken from
a horse for testing.
SPIT THE BIT- When a horse quits running against the
bit, usually because of fatigue; often said disdainfully:
“Luck Lady really spit out the bit”.
STAKES-PLACED- Finishing first, second or third in
a stakes race.
STAKE- A race (usually a feature race) for which owner
must pay up a fee to run a horse. The fees can be for
nominating, maintaining eligibility, entering and starting,
to which the track adds more money to make up the total
purse. Some stakes races are by invitation and require
no payment or fee.
STAKES HORSE- One capable of competing in such events.
STALLION- Entire male horse.
STALL WALKER- Horse that moves about his stall and
frets rather than rests.
STAR- Small patch of white hair on a horse’s forehead.
Also a credit a horse receives from being forced out
of an overcrowded race, giving him priority in future
STARTER RACE- An allowance or handicap race restricted
to horses who have started for a specific claiming price
STARTING GATE- Mechanical device having partitions
(stalls) for horses in which they are confined until
the starter releases the doors in front to begin the
STATE-BRED- A horse bred in a particular state and
thus eligible to compete in special races restricted
STAYER- Stout-hearted horse who can race long distances.
STEADIED- A horse being taken in hand by his rider,
usually because of being in close quarters.
STEPS UP- A horse moving up in class to meet better
STEWARDS- Top officials of the meeting responsible
for enforcing the rules.
STEEPLECHASE- A jumping race over high obstacles.
STICK- A jockey’s whip.
STICKERS- Calks on shoes which give a horse better
traction in mud or on soft tracks.
STOCKINGS- White legs below the knees.
STRETCH- Final straight portion of the racetrack to
STRETCH CALL- Position of horses at the eighth pole,
usually about halfway down the stretch.
STRETCH RUNNER- Horse who finishes fast.
STRETCH TURN- Bend of track into homestretch.
STRIDE- Manner of going. Also distance covered after
each foot has touched the ground once.
STRIP- Markings of a horse. White hairs running part-way
down the face.
STRIPE- A white marking running down a horse’s face
to bridge of nose or below.
STUD- Male horse used for breeding. Also breeding farm.
STUD BOOK- Registry and genealogical record of the
breeding of Thoroughbreds maintained by The Jockey Club.
SUBSCRIPTION- Fee paid by owner to nominate horse for
a stakes race or to maintain eligibility for a stakes
SUCKLING- Thoroughbred still nursing.
SUSPEND (or SUSPENSION)- Punishment for infraction
of rules. Offender denied privileges of racetrack for
specified period of time. If permanently suspended:
SWAYBACK- Horse with a dipped backbone.